Independence Day स्वतंत्रता दिवस (India) | History, Date, & Facts

Observed by  India
Type National
Significance Commemorates the independence of India
Celebrations Flag hoisting, parade, fireworks, singing patriotic songs and the National Anthem Jana Gana Mana, speech by the Prime Minister of India and President of India
Date 15 August
Frequency Annual
First time 15 August 1947

Independence Day History

India’s Independence Day is a national holiday observed on August 15. Independence Day commemorates the British Empire’s demise in 1947 and the birth of a free and independent India. It also marks the date when the Indian subcontinent was divided into Pakistan and India at midnight on August 14–15, 1947. (Independence Day is observed on August 14 in Pakistan).

Following their victory at the Battle of Plassey, the British established their dominion over India in 1757 when the English East India Company took up residence there.After the Indian Mutiny of 1857–1858, the East India Company ruled India for a century before being replaced by the British Raj. Mohandas K. Gandhi served as the movement’s leader and pushed for a nonviolent, non-violent end to British rule. The struggle for Indian independence started during World War I.

India celebrates Independence Day with exercises, flag-raising rituals, and the singing of the national hymn. Additionally, the state capitals provide a variety of cultural activities. A parade of personnel of the military forces and police follows the prime minister’s participation in the flag-raising ceremony at Old Delhi’s Red Fort historical site. The prime minister then makes a televised speech to the nation, describing upcoming challenges and aspirations while recalling India’s great victories from the previous year. Kites of different sizes, shapes, and colours decorate the skies on Day. New Delhi’s government buildings remain lit during the celebration despite being shuttered.

On August 15, 2022, India will celebrate 76 years since it gained its independence. Read this article to learn the schedule for raising the flag, some of the event’s most noteworthy aspects, and all of the other essential particulars on the occasion. On August 15, 2022, India will have celebrated its Independence Day for a whole 75 years.

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